Orthodontics Explained

If you have recently gone to your dentist, and had your dentist refer you to an orthodontics specialist, then chances are that you will want to know what orthodontics is, and what it is all about. Similarly, if you have been reading about the various specialties in dentistry – and have come across the term ‘orthodontics’ you may find yourself having to pause, and try to find out what orthodontics is all about.

As it turns out, orthodontics is a specialty in dentistry that concerns itself with ‘teeth alignment’ issues. Specifically, it seeks to correct the so-called ‘improper bites’ – these being out of place teeth, and bring them back into perfect alignment.

There are a number of reasons as to why teeth fall out of order.

Most of the cases that end up being orthodontic referrals are caused by genetics: where a person is simply born with misaligned teeth. The degree of misalignment here varies, from what are considered ‘variants of the normal’ to really bad cases จัดฟัน, like where both rows of teeth (the upper row and the lower row) are completely out of place. There are also cases of teeth alignment that develop over the course of a person’s life: so that a person who is born with otherwise normal teeth alignment ends up in need of the services of an orthodontic specialist later in the course of their life. Indeed, it is an expect thing that the alignment of teeth should fall out of ‘perfect order’ in the course of one’s life.

To correct improper bites, and bring out of alignment teeth back into perfect alignment, orthodontic practitioners use a number of methods. Minor cases can be treated with simple devices like dental braces. These are usually the cases where a person’s teeth are within the range of what would be considered ‘clinically normal,’ but where they want to perfect their look (as a cosmetic goal). Major cases are, however, treated through surgery.

Some people wonder why orthodontics qualifies to be considered a dental specialty on its own right. Couldn’t it be a part of something else, they ask. Questions could also be raised as to whether orthodontics is ‘specialized’ enough.

Most of the people who express those sentiments tend to be those who are not quite conversant with the whole range of problems that the orthodontic practitioner meets with. Simple cases that can adequately addressed through the use of dental braces may not qualify orthodontics to be a specialty on its own right, but what of the major problems – like where complete rows of teeth are ‘out of order?’ As it turns out, some of the problems the orthodontic practitioner is presented with are truly complex, the so-called ‘mistakes of nature’ which he or she has to somehow correct surgically. The surgery in question often involves having to work on the bone structure supporting the teeth – and as we all know, bone surgery can be extremely involving.

Worth of special mention is the fact that cosmetic dentists need a very strong appreciation of orthodontics. This is for the reason that application of orthodontics is required in the solution of almost half of the problems they are faced with on a daily basis.

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